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The city is located in the very geographical center of the self-governed region of Andalusia which spans over the entire south of Spain. The city of Cordoba is the center of the Province of Cordoba, as well. Geographic data: 37 degrees and 50 minutes (latitude) and 4 degrees and 50 minutes (longitude). Cordoba lies 123 meters (360 ft.) above sea level.
Cordoba, counting around 330.000 inhabitants, is the third largest city of Andalusia and the tenth largest city of the Spanish mainland. The city unites almost one half of the entire province population.
Cordoba lies in a zone of warm Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. The average summer temperature is 28C (83F). However, on many days in summer temperatures exceed 40C (110F). Average winter temperatures are at 10C (50F), but often the sun makes staying outside agreeable. Days with temperatures below the freezing point are extremely rare.
Business hours in Cordoba are inconsistent and may be confusing. Many stores are close after noon (normally between 2 p.m. and 5 p.m.), but they remain open until 9 p.m. or even longer. Cordoba’s major department stores are open permanently and close at 9.30 p.m. or 10 p.m. Restaurants are usually open until midnight on weekdays and until 2 a.m. on weekends. Visitors should keep in mind that many restaurants and other dining sites are closed on one day of the week.
Money and Credit Cards
Spain is a member of the so called Euro Zone. Therefore, the Euro is the official currency in Spain. However, price tags often show Peseta prices, as well. All major credit cards (including Visa, Master Card, Diners, American Express) are accepted anywhere.
It is customary to leave a small tip for taxi drivers, room maids, servants or other service persons. If you are satisfied with any service you are provided with, a 10 to 15 percent tip is customary.
The area code of Cordoba is 957 (from outside Spain +34-957), followed by a six digit phone number. The area code must be pre-dialed, even for a local call. To make an international call, the caller must pre-dial the country code of the nation he or she wishes to call (e.g. 0049 for Germany, 0044 for the U.K. or 001 for the U.S.).
You may find numbers beginning with an 857 prefix rather than the customary 957 prefix. This is not a typing mistake. These are numbers provided by certain operators.
The official language is Spanish. Most residents use a strong Andalusian accent. Many people understand English, but tourists should keep in mind that the locals appreciate any visitors’ attempt to speak Spanish.